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What and how does a hypersonic missile work

What is a hypersonic missile

At present, various countries are engaged in a fierce competition for the development of hypersonic missiles. A very significant phase of competition for superiority in military power is going on among the powerful countries of the world. At present, the competition is in the field of missiles. In this post What and how does a hypersonic missile work. 

Russia has so far been seen as a world leader in technology, having developed a range of new hypersonic weapons, which President Vladimir Putin called “indomitable.” It can fly seven times faster.

The Russian arsenal already includes the Avangard Hypersonic Glide vehicle and the air-launched Kinzal (Dagger) missile.

Russian officials say the Avangard reached a speed of 33,000 kilometers per hour during the test. The United States is also spending billions on a number of research programs on hypersonic missiles, saying it had “successfully tested a Raytheon-built air-launched hypersonic missile with a speed of more than five mph.” Arrived.

 China has also tested hypersonic glide vehicles. Hypersonic systems in both Russia and China are designed to carry nuclear weapons. Details of North Korea’s Hwaseong-6 missile are not known.

What is a hypersonic missile

A hypersonic missile is a combat device that travels at extremely high speeds – about five times faster than the speed of sound (3836 mph), capable of going about 1 mile per second. Some missiles, such as Russia’s upcoming Kh-47M2 Kinzhal air-launched ballistic missile, are said to have Mach 10 speeds (7672 Miles) and are capable of reaching distances up to 1200 miles.

For comparison, the US Tomahawk cruise missile – the United States Navy and the Royal Navy’s go-to long range missile system – is a subsonic that travels at about 550 miles per hour and travels a maximum distance of about 1500 miles. Military experts say that Going is a turning point in the intercontinental war or the ‘Next Big Thing.’

Types of hypersonic missiles

There are two types of hypersonic missiles –

  1. Hypersonic cruise missile.
  2. Go hypersonic glide.

What is a hypersonic cruise missile

This type of missile reaches its target with the help of a high-speed jet engine which allows it to travel at speeds higher than Mach 5. This is in contrast to the traditional non-ballistic Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles (ICBM) which uses gravitational force to reach its target.

Go to Hypersonic Glide ???

Such hypersonic missiles use re-entry vehicles. Initially, the missile was launched into space in an arching trajectory. Where warheads are released and fall into the atmosphere at hypersonic speeds Instead of giving up the payload at the mercy of gravitational force.

As is the case with conventional ICBMs. Warheads are attached to a glide vehicle that re-enters the atmosphere and through its aerodynamic shape it can violate the speed of sound as well as run shockwave shots produced by its own elevator, giving it enough speed to surpass the existing missile defense system. The glide car surfs in the atmosphere at an altitude of 40-100 Km and reaches its destination with the help of aerodynamic energy.

Why Hypersonic Missiles Are Used

Hypersonic missiles are much more advanced than conventional missiles. This missile can run at five times the speed of sound. In addition to the technological capabilities of hypersonic missiles, it is very difficult to detect and intercept. Moreover, the conventional missiles now in the hands of the superpowers, the strategy of how to intercept them has already been worked out by the rival countries. Attempts are therefore being made to develop a missile that would be able to penetrate conventional missile-defense tactics.

This is exactly what a hypersonic missile is being built for – that is so fast that it is difficult to spot or destroy it before it can fly and hit.

How missiles work

William Broad writes in an analytical report in the New York Times: “This hypersonic missile can reach speeds of up to 3,650 miles per hour in the upper atmosphere. It’s called the ‘Fractional Orbital Bombardment System’ or FOBS,” said Reuters analyst Hyunhi Shin.

“The conventional ballistic missiles are fired like rockets,” Paul Ingram, executive director of the British American Security Council, told the BBC. As a result, its trajectory or trajectory after launch can be roughly guessed. Before hitting the target, the opponent can then try to destroy it with their missile defense system.

But hypersonic missile technology is quite different. It rises very fast after launch and descends again, moving horizontally through the atmosphere, and can change course. This means that it is not possible to predict in which direction it will go. So it is almost impossible to destroy it in the middle. The United Kingdom and Russia have been researching this fob since the Cold War era, and Russia deployed a similar system in the 1980s. However, it was discontinued in the 1980s. At the time, it was thought that submarine-to-launch missiles had many advantages over Forbes.

Because the submarine is under water, it is impossible for the opponent to know where and when the missile will be fired.

Advantages of hypersonic missiles

Hypersonic missiles travel at five times the speed of sound waves.

HCMs fly at lower altitudes than ballistic missiles and higher altitudes than cruise missiles. Moreover, HCM cruises fly faster than missiles.

The hypersonic vehicle course fixes their flight path between the source and the destination.

Disadvantages of hypersonic missiles: –

The average speed of a hypersonic missile is lower than that of a ballistic missile because it is pulled from the surrounding air.

In the case of HGB missiles, the components erode and alter the aerodynamics due to extreme heat.

Excessive heat causes communication between satellites and missiles and other external control systems to be cut off. Therefore limited control of hypersonic missiles.

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